Every year, June 5 is celebrated as World Environment Day which is one of the flagship campaigns of the United Nations. This year the theme is ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’. India is chosen as the host nation for the same, given it has one of the highest recycling rates in the world.
Plastic is one of those substances which is a necessary evil- one is able to make innumerable products with it which make life very convenient; at the same time, it causes great damage to the environment. But looking at the current state-of-affairs, it can be seen that the cons outweigh the pros. Usage of plastic has caused extreme damage to the environment. Due to the fact that they are non-biodegradable, they destroy fragile ecosystems. Also, since they do not decompose, they may be consumed by other animals, which have fatal consequences. The process of manufacturing plastic causes land, air and water pollution as well. Studies have also shown that 50% of the plastic that is manufactured is only for one-time use, which damages all aspects of the biosphere.
These dangerous consequences have been recognised in various countries and each of them have begun to take small steps to combat it. For instance, in India there are four states where usage of plastic has been banned and the same is trying to be implemented all over the country. The need of the hour is to find suitable alternatives which are both economical and do not harm the environment.
There has been great involvement from the United Nations as well; apart from this many celebrities are also campaigning against usage of plastic, and instead using alternatives such as cloth, jute, biodegradable plastic etc.
Through such movements and campaigns, the overall aim is to completely switch to alternatives so that we can ensure the continued growth of the environment and there is more biodiversity in the world.